پژوهشنامه ادب غنایی، جلد ۲۰، شماره ۳۸، صفحات ۲۲۱-۲۵۲

عنوان فارسی بررسی و تحلیل هرمنوتیکی اشعار حافظ
چکیده فارسی مقاله زبان رمزی و تأویل پذیر حافظ از لایه‌های زیرین و رویین شکل گرفته‌است که لایه‌های رویین را همگان می‌توانند بخوانند و بفهمند؛ اما درک و دریافت لایه‌های زیرین به اصول تأویل و رمزگشایی وابسته است. در هنر و زبان رندانۀ حافظ، توانایی‌هایی وجود دارد که ما را در شرح و بسط اصول هرمنوتیک که بر پایۀ چند‌گانگی معنایی استوار است، یاری می‌رساند. در این پژوهش، با روش توصیفی تحلیل محتوا، تلاش شده‌است تا نخست رویکرد‌های تأویلی برخی از شارحان دیوان حافظ بررسی و تبیین گردد و به دنبال آن، مطابقت یا عدم تناسب این رویکرد‌ها با علم هرمنوتیک و میزان و کیفیت تأویل پذیری، در شعر حافظ مورد تحلیل قرار گیرد.
این تحقیق نشان می‌دهد اگر چه تکثّر معنایی و عدم قطعیت معنا و مطابقت ماهیت و کیفیت شعر حافظ با علم هرمنوتیک، غیر قابل انکار است اما عملاً برخی از تأویل‌های مطرح شده در خصوص غزل های حافظ، چندان مطابق با مبانی و بایسته های هرمنوتیک و افق انتظارات از متن و چهارچوب انتظارات خوانندگان نیست. این پژوهش در صدد پاسخ به این پرسش است که اشعار حافظ با چه زمینه هایی با نظریه های بزرگانی چون سوئدنبرگ، پل ریکور، گادامر، آیزر و هرش قابل نقد و بررسی است؟
کلیدواژه‌های فارسی مقاله تحلیل، هرمنوتیک، اشعار حافظ،

عنوان انگلیسی The hermeneutical analysis and critiques of Hafez's poems
چکیده انگلیسی مقاله Hafez's Simplified and interpretable language has been formed from underlying layers that the layers can be read and understood by everyone. But understanding and receiving the underlying layers depends on the principles of interpretation and decoding. In the arts and language of Hafez, there are abilities that help us to elaborate hermeneutic principles based on semantic multiplicity. In this research, it has been attempted to examine and to analyze the correspondence of these approaches to hermeneutics and the level of quality of interpretation in Hafez's poetry, by studying the interpretive approaches to some of the Hafez spatial systems carried out by various contributors. Although the semantic plurality and uncertainty of meaning and the correspondence of the nature and quality of Hafez poetry to the hermeneutic science is undeniable, it is true that some of the interpretations of the Hafiz lyrics despite the beautiful evidence and evidence, are in keeping with the horizons of expectations of the text and frameworks are not readers expectations. The aim of this research was to answer the question of “in what fields Hafez's poems can be criticized and studied with great theories such as Swedenburg, Paul Ricoeur, Gadamer, Iser and Hersh?” Keywords: Hermeneutics, analysis, critiques, Hafez’s poems.   Introduction        Hafez's Simplified and interpretable language has been formed from underlying layers that the layers can be read and understood by everyone But understanding and receiving the underlying layers depends on the principles of interpretation and decoding. In the arts and language of Hafez, there are abilities that help us to elaborate hermeneutic principles based on semantic multiplicity. In this research, it has been attempted to examine and to analyze the correspondence of these approaches to hermeneutics and the level of quality of interpretation in Hafez's poetry, by studying the interpretive approaches to some of the Hafez spatial systems carried out by various contributors. Although the semantic plurality and uncertainty of meaning and the correspondence of the nature and quality of Hafez poetry to the hermeneutic science is undeniable, it is true that some of the interpretations of the Hafiz lyrics despite the beautiful evidence and evidence, are in keeping with the horizons of expectations of The text and frameworks are not readers expectations. According to Hersh, meaning is always fixed, since it has created by a special writer, but explanations and interpretations are changed in different periods because of their numerous readerships. An interpretation is considered valid which is fitted with the evidence and satisfy the framework of expectations; that is, it can produce any explanation, and interpretation of the subject, if it is within the framework of probabilities and expectations (Shamisa, 282: 1378). The narrator must be made his interpretation based on the evidence and inner and outer analogy, and the rate of his/her interesting to the subject and his/her attention to the analogy, increases the depth of her/his interpretation, and the lack of attention to the framework of the probabilities and expectations is a problem for many of the narrator who have gone to Hafiz, often, their work is not only so in vain but also is useless. Hermeneutics does not deny the role of expertise and authority in explanation and interpreting the text, and believes that explanation and interpretation should be within the expectations of the text. In fact, the eternity of the interpretation does not mean that it is unfocused and should be distinguished between the meaningful interpretations and paranoidal interpretations; as the failure to reach a final interpretation does not mean that it is impossible to reach a possible interpretation, or a more conceivable interpretation. In analyzing hermeneutics, if the interpreter seeks innovative thinking in order to reveal it through unclear meanings, he/she must be able to prepare his audience for a deep understanding of the text and creates a communication between the world of text and the world of the reader, and creates a link between the semantic horizon of the text creature and the horizons of the singer's view, and always induces this subject to the reader that the process of text is a complicated and endless process.In the poetry of Hafez, because of presenting the limbo position of human beings, cannot discuss about the precision of meaning. In fact Gadamer's theory based on the uncertainty of meaning is fully applicable in this text. Some of the interpretations in Hafez's poems are beautiful in terms of evidence and analogies, but are not compatible with the framework of reader's expectations. 2-      Research Methodology      This research was conducted through descriptive-analytical and content analysis. Hermeneutical foundations based on sources of Hafez's literary theory and poetry and existing interpretations of Hafez's poetry have been done in a critical and applied way. The basic steps that have been taken for this research are the identification of keywords, the collection of information and available resources, and related topics in the research, the main and minor questions and research hypotheses, the search for articles and keywords related to the method Hand search in the Google scholar database and recording and vectorizing them, vectorizing information on hermeneutics and interpreting Hafez poems and the main and the main topics, and categorizing information and matching them with the descriptions of Hafez's poems. And analysis and critique of descriptions based on hermeneutic theories. 3-Discussion The study of literary theories, including hermeneutics, is valuable in the open text of Hafez's poetry; the expression of literary theories without the analysis of the text is a mere theory. Literary theories, such as hermeneutics, are the debates that have led to the development of art and literature. The issue of hermeneutics is a matter of understanding texts. In this science, the understanding of the text is important, not knowing the author; time is effective in understanding the way, and therefore everyone understands the text according to his age. Each reader is unaware of his author and his historical background and psychology, so it is only the criterion of understanding the conflict of the text with the reader's mind; in this theory, the disclosure of the meanings of the text is very important; "the work of art is to reveal the text. The interpretation of the work of art means moving into the open space that has produced the work. "(Palmer, 177: 1391) 4. Conclusions The poetry of Hafez is due to the existence of several layers; the use of mythology, multiple reading, special historical conditions, the existence of inner and sacred meanings, and ... is a good basis for the study of hermeneutical theory. A seminal and arctic twist, the interpreter vanishes hermeneutics It goes away from the principle of meaning. In the poetry of Hafez, for the sake of presenting the position of human bravery, we cannot speak of the certainty of meaning. Indeed, Gadamer's theory of the uncertainty of meaning in this text is fully applicable. Some of the interpretations expressed in Hafez's poems are beautiful in terms of evidence, but are not consistent with the reader's expectations. The analysis led to the formation of 8 floors and subclasses. The classes were: 1) the historical context of the text, 2) the triple meaning (holy, natural, and spiritual) in Hafez's poetry, 3) the hermeneutic reflection of remembrance and suspicion in Hafez's descriptions, 4) the hermeneutic round of the hangover in the veils of the poetry of Hafez, 5) Gadamer's theoretical adaptation in the interpretation of Hafez's poetry, 6) the theory of myths in the interpretation of Hafez's poems, 7) the dualism principle according to Iaser's view, 8) the framework for expectations in interpretation according to Hirsh's theory, and 8) the uncertainty of meaning based on Gadamer's theory. 5- References 1-Ahmadi, Babak, Structure and Interpretation of the Text, First Edition, Tehran: Publishing Center,1991. 2-Ahmadi, Babak, Structure and Hermeneutics, Second Edition, Tehran: Game-e-No, 2002 3-Ahour, Parviz, Impressive Cricket, Tehran: Naghsh-e-Jahan, 1984 4-Bagheri, Bahador, Hafez descriptions of culture, Tehran: Amir Kabir,2008. 5-Bain. Carl, E, Jerome Beauty.  Paul, J. Hunter, The Norton introduction to literature, New York: Norton and co., Inc,1991. 6-Barzegar, Khaleghi, Hafez Hornbeam, Eighth Edition, Tehran: Zawar Publishing,2003. 7-Bart, Rolan, Interpretative Criticism, Ghiyasi, First Counsel, Tehran: Mousavi publishing,1973. 8-Besharati, Baha Al-Din, Hafez-e-Mail, 1 and 2, Tehran: Soroush,1989. 9-Borsler, Charles, An Introduction to Literary Criticism Theories and Methods, Translated by Mostafa AbediniFar, Tehran: Niloufar,2014. 10-Darabi, Mohammad, Shiraz, Shiraz University,1999. 11-Eagleton, Terry, A Prelude to Literary Theory, Translated by Abbas Mokbar, Tehran: Markaz,1998 12-Fotouhi, Mahmoud, Hafez's Consciousness in the Eighth and Ninth Century Based on the History of Literary Hermeneutics, Journal of Naghd-e- Adabi, 2(6): 2009:85-9013-Gadamer, The Horizons of Language in Hermeneutics, Translated by RahilRanjbar, Tehran: Publishing Question, 201614-Hafiz, Shamsuddin Muhammad, Divan, by Salahshour, Mohammad, Tehran: Atelieh-e-Honar, 200015-Khorramshahi, Baha'addin, Hafez's Mind and Language, Tehran: Nashr-e-Now,1992.16-Mallah, HosseinAli, Hafez and Music, Second Edition, Tehran: Honar and Fan,1993.17-Mortazavi, Manouchehr, Hafez School, Second Edition, Tehran: Toos,1997 18-Palmer, Richard, The Science of Hermeneutics, Mohammad SaeedHanaei, Tehran: Hermes, 2012. 19-Mousavi-Mortazavi, Mohammad, Text from the View of Hermeneutics and Principles of Science, Tehran: Farhang-e-Mana, 2016. 20-PourNemandaran, Taghi, Missing Sea Lips, Tehran: Sokhan Publication,2003. 21-Sadat Parvar, Ali, Jamal of the Sun and Sun of the beleive, Second Edition, Tehran: Ehya-ye-Ketab, 2002.22-Soody, Mohammad, A description of the benefit of Hafez, translated by Esmat Sattarzadeh, 4 volumes, Tehran: Dehkhoda,1979. 23-Tompkins, Jane, Reader response criticism. Baltimore: johns Hopkins University press,1980. 24-Tyssen, Lice, Theories of Contemporary Literary Criticism, Translated by Maziar Hosseinzadeh and Fatemeh Hosseini, Tehran: Negah-e-Emrouz. 2015. 25-Wilhelm Dilthey, Hermeneutic Knowledge and Study of History, Manuchehr Sanei Translation, Tehran: Ghoghnus,             
کلیدواژه‌های انگلیسی مقاله تحلیل, هرمنوتیک, اشعار حافظ

نویسندگان مقاله صالح کاکویی |
دانشجوی دکتری گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قائم شهر، قائم شهر، ایران

حسام ضیایی |
استادیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قائم شهر، قائم شهر، ایران،(نویسنده مسئول

مهرعلی یزدانپناه |
دانشیار گروه زبان و ادبیات فارسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد قائم شهر، قائم شهر، ایران


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