Surgery and Trauma، جلد ۹، شماره ۲، صفحات ۴۴-۴۹

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عنوان انگلیسی narrative review of trauma care delivery in India: challenges and opportunities
چکیده انگلیسی مقاله
  • It is estimated that the cost of road accidents in India is around 3% of the Gross Domestic Product of the country. On average, 400 persons die daily in road accidents in India, and cities, such as New Delhi and the national capital region are on the top of the list of road accident causalities. Based on the Basilica agreement, the Indian government has initiated various policy changes and infrastructure development along the national highways which include the redesign of blindspots on the roads and the infliction of heavy penalties for the violation of traffic rules and compliances. On the academic front, the Indo-US Emergency Medicine forum has inaugurated an academic college for emergency medicine in India that cooperates with various government and private healthcare providers and policymakers for the improvement of emergency/trauma care delivery. Lately, few business schools and healthcare educational institutes have focused on interdisciplinary training and research centers in the area of emergency care delivery. Policymakers are also proactively working with various organizations to implement new rules and compliance mechanisms. This prospective study entails a detailed review of the literature using keywords in the PubMed journals, news articles, and media reports. Authors encountered studies in the area of trauma care delivery in India and other countries in their comprehensive field research. Almost 100% of the cases were medico-legal and only one case out of 100 was an insured patient. Furthermore, 87% of the cases were new and only 13% were review cases. Based on the conducted analysis, the number of accidents reduced across the country after the implementation of the New Motor Vehicle Act in the year 2019. It is worth mentioning that, the government launched awareness programs for the public as well. Some of the major challenges identified included lack of coordination and institutional mechanisms for an integrated emergency care delivery, poor referral processes, inadequate ambulance services, lack of third-party coordination, and poor in-hospital resources, particularly in public healthcare organizations. Apart from these, there was an acute shortage of trained emergency medicine experts at all levels. Trauma care delivery is a complex issue and its accomplishment requires good coordination and collaboration among stakeholders. The study identified various challenges and opportunities for the improvement of trauma care delivery in India. There is an immense need and opportunity for the modification of the emergency care delivery system through the introduction of appropriate changes in the transportation policy, emergency care delivery models, institutional mechanisms, such as referral process, and appropriate resource allocation at different levels of care delivery system.
کلیدواژه‌های انگلیسی مقاله Coordination, Diagnosis, Emergencies, Out of Pocket Expense, Trauma

نویسندگان مقاله | Saddikuti Venkataramanaiah
Ph.D, Associate Professor in Operations Management, Indian Institute of Management Lucknow, India

| Sagar Galwankar
Director For Research in Emergency Medicine, Florida State University, Sarasota Memorial Hospital, Florida, USA

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