Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology، جلد ۳۳، شماره ۱، صفحات ۳-۸

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عنوان انگلیسی Skull Base Csf- Leak Closure with Autologous Fibrin Sealant
چکیده انگلیسی مقاله Introduction There are many fibrin-derived sealants used as topical haemostatic agents in many surgical procedures. Fibrin sealants are usually non-autologous derivatives or animal derivatives, with the exception of Vivostat®, an autologous fibrin sealant derived from patients own blood.   Materials and Methods We present our experience on the use of Vivostat® in skull base closures in 20 patients operated at the Otorhinolaryngology Unit of the Hospital Ospedali Riuniti Villa Sofia - Cervello of Palermo. All postoperative patients were placed in an anti-trendeleburg position for 48 hours. After removal of the nasal swabs we did not find any rhinorrhea and we checked the tightness of the skull base defect with computed tomography.   Results On a total of the 20 patients (10 post-traumatic and 10 with iatrogenic leaks), 9 out of 10 post-traumatic cases had a leak in the border area between the anterior and posterior portion of the ethmoid, while 1 patient out of 10 post-traumatic cases had a leak at the level of the sella. In all 20 patients, we repaired skull base defects by fixing grafting materials with Vivostat®. We have not had any complications. Vivostat® is a useful product in skull base repair and safe for the patients.   Conclusion Vivostat® has been used as a sealant on body tissues with greater elasticity and more resistant allowing better and safer wound repair, especially in skull base surgery. In particular, its immediate polymerisation is very useful for an evaluation of the mechanical sealants in the closure of the skull base cerebrospinal fluid leak.
کلیدواژه‌های انگلیسی مقاله Autologous fibrin sealant, Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak, Haemostatic, Skull base, Vivostat®, Graft

نویسندگان مقاله | Salvatore Poma
Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Villa Sofia-Cervello Hospital, Palermo, Italy.


| Domenico-Michele Modica
Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Department of Bi. N. D., University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.


| Gianfranco Mattina
Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Department of Bi. N. D., University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.


| Salvatore Gallina
Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Department of Bi. N. D., University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.


| Alfio-Alfonso Azzolina
Otolaryngology Unit, Cannizzaro Hospital, Catania, Italy.


| Giuseppe-Mario Galfano
Otorhinolaryngology Unit, Villa Sofia-Cervello Hospital, Palermo, Italy.



نشانی اینترنتی https://ijorl.mums.ac.ir/article_17185.html
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